White Mars: A 21st Century Utopia

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White Mars: A 21st Century Utopia

White Mars: A 21st Century Utopia

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a b Choi, Charles (1 October 2021). "Mars: What We Know About the Red Planet". Space.com . Retrieved 6 January 2022. Fundamental to Hoffman's model - which he calls the White Mars hypothesis - is the known behaviour of CO2 at different temperatures and pressures. On the surface of Mars, CO2 occurs only as a gas or as a solid. It cannot exist as a liquid because the pressure is far too low: liquid CO2 requires compression to at least five times terrestrial atmospheric pressure. Telepathy: Martians have the ability to read the minds of others and project their thoughts to varying degrees. They can also project their mental essences into a gestalt community known as the "Great Mind". Through this, the community can enhance the telepathic strength of other Martians. This power can also enable them to reverse the effects of amnesia or psychological brainwashing. [7] onward transportation. Collection is strictly by appointment only and at least 24-hours notice must be given.

The point at which Mars's geocentric longitude is 180° different from the Sun's is known as opposition, which is near the time of its closest approach to Earth. The time of opposition can occur as much as 8.5 days away from the closest approach. The distance at close approach varies between about 54 and 103millionkm (34 and 64millionmi) due to the planets' elliptical orbits, which causes comparable variation in angular size. [274] [275] The most recent Mars opposition occurred on 8 December 2022, at a distance of about 82millionkm (51millionmi). [276] The average time between the successive oppositions of Mars, its synodic period, is 780 days; but the number of days between successive oppositions can range from 764 to 812. [196]Five years ago, Nasa's Mars Global Surveyor entered orbit and began a systematic scan of the planet with unprecedented resolution. Structures that had previously been little more than a blur were examined and mapped in detail. Earlier probes produced images showing that floods of some description must have swept across its surface in the past, but the new photos enabled geologists to see the evidence more clearly. The environmental conditions on Mars are a challenge to sustaining organic life: the planet has little heat transfer across its surface, it has poor insulation against bombardment by the solar wind due to the absence of a magnetosphere and has insufficient atmospheric pressure to retain water in a liquid form (water instead sublimes to a gaseous state). Mars is nearly, or perhaps totally, geologically dead; the end of volcanic activity has apparently stopped the recycling of chemicals and minerals between the surface and interior of the planet. [253] Scoop of Mars soil by Curiosity, October 2012 a b c Stähler, Simon C.; Khan, Amir; Banerdt, W. Bruce; Lognonné, Philippe; Giardini, Domenico; Ceylan, Savas; etal. (23 July 2021). "Seismic detection of the martian core". Science. 373 (6553): 443–448. Bibcode: 2021Sci...373..443S. doi: 10.1126/science.abi7730. hdl: 20.500.11850/498074. PMID 34437118. S2CID 236179579.

Further information: Martian soil Curiosity 's view of Martian soil and boulders after crossing the "Dingo Gap" sand dune The flows on Mars, though, are not linked with the massive extinct volcanoes across its surface. Rather, Hoffman had a different sort of volcano in mind. On Neptune's giant moon Triton, the Voyager 2 space probe recorded ice volcanoes, with jets of dust and gas thrown upwards, apparently driven by the vaporisation of sub-surface liquid nitrogen. a b Barlow, Nadine G. (2008). Mars: an introduction to its interior, surface and atmosphere. Cambridge planetary science. Vol.8. Cambridge University Press. p.21. ISBN 978-0-521-85226-5.

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On stage, she starred in the lead role of Heavenly Critchfield in Tennessee Williams' Spring Storm at the National Theatre in London in 2010, transferred from The Royal & Derngate Northampton production where it premiered in 2009. In 2011, she appeared in A Woman Killed with Kindness by Thomas Heywood at the Lyttelton at the National Theatre in 2011, where she appeared in 2013 again in a double role in Simon Stephens' play Port.

Certain areas of the planet reflect radar pulses strongly, showing evidence of sub-surface ice. Nasa's Mars Odyssey orbiter, launched in 2001, carried an instrument to map the location of hydrogen in the outermost layers. Martian Vision: Martian visual acuity greatly exceed human norms and allows for a wider range of information to be observed. This includes the following: [7]

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Regeneration: Martians have powerful regenerative powers that enable them to regenerate their entire body from a severed limb, they can further enhance their regenerative powers by drawing mass from nearby sources. [11] Minkel, J. R. (26 June 2008). "Giant Asteroid Flattened Half of Mars, Studies Suggest". Scientific American . Retrieved 1 April 2022. Mars comes into opposition from Earth every 2.1 years. The planets come into opposition near Mars's perihelion in 2003, 2018 and 2035, with the 2020 and 2033 events being particularly close to perihelic opposition. [207] [277] Mars made its closest approach to Earth and maximum apparent brightness in nearly 60,000 years, 55,758,006km (0.37271925AU; 34,646,419mi), magnitude −2.88, on 27 August 2003, at 09:51:13 UTC. This occurred when Mars was one day from opposition and about three days from its perihelion, making it particularly easy to see from Earth. The last time it came so close is estimated to have been on 12 September 57,617 BC, the next time being in 2287. [278] This record approach was only slightly closer than other recent close approaches. [196] Mallama, A. (2007). "The magnitude and albedo of Mars". Icarus. 192 (2): 404–416. Bibcode: 2007Icar..192..404M. doi: 10.1016/j.icarus.2007.07.011.

Scientists have theorized that during the Solar System's formation, Mars was created as the result of a random process of run-away accretion of material from the protoplanetary disk that orbited the Sun. Mars has many distinctive chemical features caused by its position in the Solar System. Elements with comparatively low boiling points, such as chlorine, phosphorus, and sulfur, are much more common on Mars than on Earth; these elements were probably pushed outward by the young Sun's energetic solar wind. [23] With the help of Funky Flashman, an oviparous White Martian named A'monn A'mokk creates five human-Martian hybrid children named Sapling, Buster, Silhouette, Quaker, and Blur, using superhuman DNA from unknown sources. The five hybrids all have a latent fear of fire. Archinal, B. A.; Caplinger, M. (Fall 2002). "Mars, the Meridian, and Mert: The Quest for Martian Longitude". American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2002. 22: P22D–06. Bibcode: 2002AGUFM.P22D..06A. I had travelled across the world to come to my new home, Concordia Station. Now I had to get to know the place, how things worked here, and find my place among its crew. They made up the whole population of my new world. Wolpert, Stuart (9 August 2012). "UCLA scientist discovers plate tectonics on Mars". UCLA. Archived from the original on 12 August 2012 . Retrieved 13 August 2012.Although better remembered for mapping the Moon, Johann Heinrich Mädler and Wilhelm Beer were the first areographers. They began by establishing that most of Mars's surface features were permanent and by more precisely determining the planet's rotation period. In 1840, Mädler combined ten years of observations and drew the first map of Mars. [72] White's other prominent TV roles were in series 1 of the ITV drama The Fixer, playing Jess Mercer, the sister of John Mercer. She also played Shannon in The Empresses' New Clothes, an episode of Fairy Tales, which were the BBC's modern takes on classic children's stories. In April 2011, she appeared in the BBC adaptation The Crimson Petal and the White. Simon, J.L.; Bretagnon, P.; Chapront, J.; Chapront-Touzé, M.; Francou, G.; Laskar, J. (February 1994). "Numerical expressions for precession formulae and mean elements for the Moon and planets". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 282 (2): 663–683. Bibcode: 1994A&A...282..663S. Telekinesis: [16] Martians have mind-over-matter abilities and can lift and move objects with their minds. They can also employ their telekinesis in an offensive way by discharging telekinetic blasts capable of great concussive power. [17]

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